To date our Solar Cell Research has led us to a 86% efficiency on our manufactured Bosch Cell Technology.


Validation research reports, Peer Reviews and R&D documents available upon request

Quick Overview on how we have applied our Science to Solar Cell Technology:

Solar panels, are mainly composed of Silicon and that Silicon was referred to by the ancient civilizations as the ‘Mother atom,’ which today is used in computers via the transistors and other electronic components. Silicon is very similar to carbon which is the building block of life. Silicon is also used in nature's photovoltaic process and solar panels.

Currently many Solar Cell Research Programs underway are simply re-inventing the wheel of how Silicon Ingots and Cells are made. Which in turn attracts major R&D and overhead costs. Our holistic approach, technique and adoption of our science allows us to understand and work with the ‘Mother Atom.

Through our Scientific Research & Development we have been able to fully understand the oscillation of the silicon atom and how Sunlight with certain frequencies will penetrate the materials and doping agents in the cell. Our development breakthrough is the missing link for Solar Cell Research and has enabled us to produce 86% efficiency within a standard 250w Mono-crystalline Solar Panel. We then were able to sustain this efficiency rating over 20 minutes without any heat or destruction to the panel’s components; bus bars, junction box, solar cells or DC cabling.

The commercialization of our ‘SonRays’ Solar Cell Technology will be purely focused on the rural, marginalized and deserving people globally. Our initial estimates of our technology will be extremely affordable that a Rural Farmer in Bangladesh will be able to purchase our technology without a Micro-loan. Enabling global village communities of the deserving is our passion of the scientists and long-term goal.

Solnovation is currently seeking candidates in their respected fields: Silicon Physicists, Bio-Electronic Engineers, Dimensional & Particle Physicists. All enquiries pertaining to Collaboration, Research Assistance & Investor Relations please email our Dynamic Scientific team at: info@solnovation.com

Theory
Main article : Theory of solar cells

The solar cell works in three steps :
1. Photons in sunlight hit the solar panel and are absorbed by semiconducting materials, such as silicon.

2. Electrons (negatively charged) are knocked loose from their atoms, causing an electric potential difference. Current starts flowing through the material to cancel the potential and this electricity is captured. Due to the special composition of solar cells, the electrons are only allowed to move in a single direction.

3. An array of solar cells converts solar energy into a usable amount of direct current (DC) electricity.

Efficiency
Main article : Solar cell efficiency
  • Solar panels on the International Space Station absorb light from both sides. These Bifacial cells are more efficient and operate at lower temperature than single sided equivalents.
  • The efficiency of a solar cell may be broken down into reflectance efficiency, thermodynamic efficiency, charge carrier separation efficiency and conductive efficiency. The overall efficiency is the product of each of these individual efficiencies.
  • A solar cell usually has a voltage dependent efficiency curve, temperature coefficients, and shadow angles.
  • Due to the difficulty in measuring these parameters directly, other parameters are measured instead: thermodynamic efficiency, quantum efficiency, integrated quantum efficiency, VOC ratio, and fill factor. Reflectance losses are a portion of the quantum efficiency under "external quantum efficiency". Recombination losses make up a portion of the quantum efficiency, VOC ratio, and fill factor. Resistive losses are predominantly categorized under fill factor, but also make up minor portions of the quantum efficiency, VOC ratio.
  • The fill factor is defined as the ratio of the actual maximum obtainable power to the product of the open circuit voltage and short circuit current. This is a key parameter in evaluating the performance of solar cells. Typical commercial solar cells have a fill factor > 0.70. Grade B cells have a fill factor usually between 0.4 to 0.7.[15] Cells with a high fill factor have a low equivalent series resistance and a high equivalent shunt resistance, so less of the current produced by the cell is dissipated in internal losses.
  • Single p–n junction crystalline silicon devices are now approaching the theoretical limiting power efficiency of 33.7%, noted as the Shockley–Queisser limit in 1961. In the extreme, with an infinite number of layers, the corresponding limit is 86% using concentrated sunlight.[16]
  • In September 2013 the solar cell hits a new world record with 44.7 percent efficiency, as demonstrated by the German Fraunhofer Institute for Solar Energy Systems.[17]




  Reported timeline of solar cell energy conversion efficiencies (from National Renewable Energy Laboratory (USA)